History About Bali Islands

December 28, 2015

Bali Islands, Indonesia : History About Bali Islands


Bali is a province of the Republic of Indonesia which is located between the islands of Java and Lombok island, the island is also known as BALI ISLAND, THOUSAND ISLAND BALI PURA and DWIPA. Bali also has several small islands that are included in the province of Bali, including the island of Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan island, Pulau Ceningan, Serangan island, and the island Menjangan.

The capital of the province of Bali is Denpasar located in the south of the island of Bali, Bali is very famous throughout Indonesia and even in the whole world as a regional or world tourism destination with unique art and culture along with the natural landscape and the beautiful sea. The island of gods is a very good place for a family vacation or for honeymooners are equipped with world-level facilities or accommodation (world class), and also Bali has many famous tourist attraction in the world of interest to visit.

Photo Credits: mamboretreats

History of Bali

Bali Islands has been inhabited by Austronesian peoples around 2000 BC migratory and came from Taiwan through Maritime Southeast Asia. Culture and language of the Bali so closely related to those of the islands of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Oceania. Stone tools originating from that time have been found near the village of Cekik west of the island of Bali.

In the time of ancient Bali, there are nine Hindu sects which Pasupata, Bhairawa, Shidanta Shiva, Vaishnava, Bodha, Brahma, sage, Sora and ganapatya. Each sect honor of a particular god as a personal Deity. Balinese culture is strongly influenced by the culture of India, China, and in particular the Hindu, began around the 1st century AD. Name Bali Dwipa (“island”) have been discovered from various inscriptions, including Blanjong pillar inscription written by Sri Kesari Warmadewa in 914 AD which mentions “Walidwipa”. At that time the complex Subak irrigation system has been developed to grow rice. Some religious and cultural traditions still exist today and can be traced back at that time. Hindu kingdom of Majapahit (1293-1520 AD) in East Java founded a colony in Bali in 1343. When heyday has decreased, there is a mass exodus of intellectuals, artists, priests and musicians from Java to Bali in the 15th century ,

Island of Bali

Contacts of the first European nation with Bali Islands is thought to have occurred in 1585 when a Portuguese ship ran aground off the Bukit Peninsula and left a few Portuguese in the service of the Supreme Deity. In 1597 the Dutch explorer who named Cornelis de Houtman arrived in Bali and with the formation of Dutch East India Company in 1602, a place was set up to control the colonial and two and a half centuries later, when the control of the Dutch expanded throughout Indonesia, political and economic control Netherlands on Bali began in the 1840s on the northern coast of the island of Bali, when the Netherlands pitting between kingdoms in Bali so as not to believe in each other and in the late 1890s, the struggle between the kingdom of Bali in the south of the island of Bali was exploited by Dutch to increase their control.

Dutch to attack naval and ground heavily in the area of Sanur in 1906 and met with thousands of members of the royal family and their followers who fought against the Dutch troops to attack the defensive suicide (bellows) conducted by members of the royal family and thousands of their followers rather than face the humiliation surrender of the Netherlands. Approximately more than 1,000 people died during the Bali against the invaders. In the Dutch intervention in Bali in 1908, a similar massacre occurred in the face of Dutch attacks in Klungkung. After that the Dutch governor is able to perform administrative control over the island, but local control over religion and culture generally remained intact.

In the 1930s, anthropologist Margaret Mead and Gregory Bateson, Holidays Bali Accommodation, Travel Guide and artist Miguel Covarrubias and Walter Spies, and musicologist Colin McPhee create the image of the west of Bali as a “land of enchanted peace with themselves and nature” and western tourism was first developed in the island at the time.

Imperial Japan occupied Bali during World War II. Bali was originally not a target in the Dutch East Indies Campaign them, but because, in Borneo that are not in operation due to heavy rains the Imperial Japanese Army decided to occupy Bali, which has no comparable weather like Borneo. Bali at the time did not have an army of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army (KNIL), only Native Prajoda Auxiliary Corps (Corps Prajoda), which consists of about 600 soldiers and some officers native Dutch Colonial Army under the command of Lieutenant Colonel KNIL WP Roodenburg. On February 19, 1942 Japanese troops landed near Sanur. Bali island quickly captured by the Japanese during the Japanese occupation army officer Bali, I Gusti Ngurah Rai, formed a Balinese ‘free army’. Lack of institutional changes of the time the Dutch government and the rigors of the war officially request the Japanese government to make a little better than the Netherlands. After the Japanese surrender in the Pacific in August 1945, the Dutch returned to Indonesia, including Bali and immediately want to restore their colonial administration before the war. This was opposed by the rebels Bali at that time already used weapons of Japan. On November 20, 1946, fought in Marga Tabanan in central Bali. Colonel I Gusti Ngurah Rai, then aged 29 years, finally bringing troops to Marga Rana, where they made a suicide attack to the Dutch armed. Bali battalion troops completely deleted by the Netherlands, crush the last resistance of the military resistance Bali. In 1946 the Dutch made Bali as one of 13 administrative regions of the new state was proclaimed by Eastern Indonesia, an opponent of the Republic of Indonesia which was proclaimed and headed by Sukarno and Hatta. Bali entered in the “Republic of Indonesia” when the Dutch recognized Indonesian independence on December 29, 1949.

Geographic Location Bali

Bali Island is located approximately 3.2 km east of the island of Java, and approximately 8 degrees south of the equator. The island of Bali and Java are separated by Bali Strait. From east to west has a length of about 153 km and has a width from north to south about 112 km, the total area of ??the island is 5,632 km².

Mountains in the central part of the island has several peaks with an elevation of more than 3,000 meters above sea level. The highest peak is Mount Agung (3031 meters), known as the “mother mountain” which is a volcano that has been dormant. Bali volcanic nature has contributed to the exceptional fertility and high mountains which provide high rainfall that supports a highly productive agricultural sector. In the south area of ??the mountains is a vast area, from the slopes of the mountain the way down to the beach area where most of the rice plants grow and develop larger in Bali. On the north side of the mountain slopes has a steeper area to the sea and is a major coffee producing areas in Bali and also vegetables or livestock. The longest river in Bali is the Ayung river, flowing into the sea about 75 km.

Island resort is surrounded by the sea there are many coral reefs. Beaches in the south tend to have white sand while the north and west have black sand. Bali has no major waterways, although the Ho river crossed by boat with a small boat. Beach air-black sand between the coast and the beaches Pasut Klatingdukuh being developed by the government of Bali for tourism, but apart from the temple in mainland coast, the beaches of black sand other air has not been used for tourism significantly.

The largest city in Bali and is a provincial capital of Bali is Denpasar, close to the south coast. Its population is about 491 500 inhabitants (2002). Bali’s second largest city is the capital of the old colonial town is Singaraja, located on the north coast and has a population of about 100,000 people. City / Other important areas included is a beach resort of Kuta, which could be considered part of the urban area of ??Denpasar and Ubud which is located north of Denpasar which is a cultural center on the island of Bali.

Three small islands located in the southeast is administratively a part of Klungkung is the island of Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan islands and islets Ceningan. The islands are separated from the island by the Badung Strait.

In the east there is the Lombok Strait which separates Bali from Lombok and marks the biogeographical division between the fauna and flora of the ecozone Indomalayan distinctly different from Australasia. This transition is known as the Wallace Line (Wallace Line), which is taken from the name of Alfred Russel Wallace who first proposed the transition zone between these two major biomes. When sea levels dropped during the Pleistocene ice age, Bali connected to Java and Sumatra and mainland Asia and the share of Asian fauna, but the deep waters of the Lombok Strait continues to keep the Lombok and Sunda region isolated archipelago lower.

Summary

Bali is a province of the Republic of Indonesia which is located between the islands of Java and Lombok island, the island is also known as BALI ISLAND, THOUSAND ISLAND BALI PURA and DWIPA.

The capital of the province of Bali is Denpasar located in the south of the island of Bali, Bali is very famous throughout Indonesia and even in the whole world as a regional or world tourism destination with unique art and culture along with the natural landscape and the beautiful sea.

When heyday has decreased, there is a mass exodus of intellectuals, artists, priests and musicians from Java to Bali in the 15th century , Island of Bali Contacts of the first European nation with Bali Islands is thought to have occurred in 1585 when a Portuguese ship ran aground off the Bukit Peninsula and left a few Portuguese in the service of the Supreme Deity.

In 1597 the Dutch explorer who named Cornelis de Houtman arrived in Bali and with the formation of Dutch East India Company in 1602, a place was set up to control the colonial and two and a half centuries later, when the control of the Dutch expanded throughout Indonesia, political and economic control Netherlands on Bali began in the 1840s on the northern coast of the island of Bali, when the Netherlands pitting between kingdoms in Bali so as not to believe in each other and in the late 1890s, the struggle between the kingdom of Bali in the south of the island of Bali was exploited by Dutch to increase their control.

Imperial Japan occupied Bali during World War II. Bali was originally not a target in the Dutch East Indies Campaign them, but because, in Borneo that are not in operation due to heavy rains the Imperial Japanese Army decided to occupy Bali, which has no comparable weather like Borneo.

Bali island quickly captured by the Japanese during the Japanese occupation army officer Bali, I Gusti Ngurah Rai, formed a Balinese ‘free army’.

Geographic Location Bali Bali Island is located approximately 3.2 km east of the island of Java, and approximately 8 degrees south of the equator.

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Category: Bali Islands, Indonesia



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